Journal of experimental psychology, 18 6 Once the physiological needs are satisfied we move on to the next step in the hierarchy Malsow, Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions.
He said that any action must be understood by looking at what basic need it satisfies and more often than not, it is our unconscious rather than conscious motives that direct our behavior. He felt that skilled interpretation was often necessary to get to the real meaning of a dream.
Most of the contents of the unconscious are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. Similarly, a talented athlete who plays an uncharacteristically poor game could be acting on an unconscious desire to punish overbearing or inattentive parents.
New York Schocken Books,