An overview of kierkegaards philosophy
Christian faith is the only means for the immanent, temporal human being to have contact with the transcendent, eternal truth, since that faith consists in believing that Christ was the incarnation of God.
He saw becoming a Christian as the task of a lifetime. His pamphleteering achieved little immediate impact, but his substantial philosophical, literary, psychological and theological writings have had a lasting effect.
Crucial to the miracle of Christian faith is the realization that over against God we are always in the wrong. When someone self-tormentingly thinks to do God a service by torturing himself, what is his sin except not willing to love himself in the right way? But Climacus's special interest was in history. Anti-Climacus distinguishes between "human being" and "self. Grundtvig emphasized the light, joyous, celebratory and communal aspects of Christianity, whereas Kierkegaard emphasized seriousness, suffering, sin, guilt, and individual isolation. Kierkegaard, by means of the dash, erases his ego as an author to allow the word of God to shine through - thereby preserving Works of Love as a work of love. Hegel was a German philosopher who wrote during the late s and the early to mids and whose work had come to dominate European philosophical thought. In some ways, it might have to do with our status as existential beings. Despite his father's occasional religious melancholy and the heavy burden of guilt which he imposed on his children, Kierkegaard shared a close bond with his father, whose brooding presence can be discerned throughout his works. Aesthetic irony is transformed into religious humor, and the aesthetic transfiguration of the actual world into the ideal is transformed into the religious transubstantiation of the finite world into an actual reconciliation with the infinite. This includes the experience of reason, as well as ethics and aesthetics. The first period of literary activity —46 was followed by a second — If Abraham were to blithely obey, his actions would have no meaning. The pseudonymous author of Prefaces, Nicholas Notabene, is a pedant whose wife has forbidden him to be an author.
He proposed to her inbut mysteriously broke off the engagement less than a year later during a period of melancholy and depression. It also freed him from close personal entanglements with women, thereby leading him to objectify them as ideal creatures, and to reproduce the patriarchal values of his church and father.
Lange, second edition, Copenhagen: Nordisk Forlag, Are you hiding nothing suspicious in your soul, so that you would still wish things were different, so that you would dare robber-like to seize the reward for yourself, would dare to parade it, would dare to point to it; so that you would wish the adversity did not exist because it constrains in you the selfishness that, although suppressed, yet foolishly deludes you into thinking that if you were lucky you would do something for the good that would be worth talking about, deludes you into forgetting that the devout wise person wishes no adversity away when it befalls him because he obviously cannot know whether it might not indeed be a good for him, into forgetting that the devout wise person wins his most beautiful victory when the powerful one who persecuted him wants, as they say, to spare him, and the wise one replies: I cannot unconditionally wish it, because I cannot definitely know whether the persecution might not indeed be a good for me.
It is used to denote both: i a limited existential sphere, or stage, which is superseded by the higher stage of the religious life; and ii an aspect of life which is retained even within the religious life. Kierkegaard uses yet other related genres besides deliberations and edifying discourses.
The paradox of the Christian incarnation is presented as an offense to reason, which can only be overcome by a leap of faith. Martensen also had a profound effect on Kierkegaard, but largely in a negative manner. The latter included viewing women in terms of their traditional social roles, particularly as mothers and wives, but also in their traditional spiritual roles as epitomes of devotion and self-sacrifice. But this detachment from the actual, by self-centered immersion in reflective possibility, is exactly what On the Concept of Irony had accused the German Romantics of achieving with their use of irony. Despair is not just an emotion, in a deeper sense it is the loss of self, i. In this way, we glide through life without direction or purpose. That is, the aesthete needs to choose the ethical, which entails a commitment to communication and decision procedures. The God-man needs to be "incognito" - to arrive in the unrecognizable form of a servant.
That faith consists not merely in intellectual belief, but in willingness to imitate the life of Christ to the utmost of one's powers. If one were to think of despair only in the abstract, without reference to some particular despairer, one would have to say it is an enormous merit.
The subjective thinker is esthetic enough for his life to have esthetic content, ethical enough to regulate it, dialectical enough in thinking to master it.
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